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Presidency of George Washington
1st President of the United States
In office
April 30, 1789 – March 4, 1797
(7 years, 10 months and 2 days)
Vice President John Adams
Succeeded by John Adams
Personal details
Born (1732-02-22)February 22, 1732
Westmoreland County, Virginia
British America
Died December 14, 1799(1799-12-14) (aged 67)
Mount Vernon, Virginia
Spouse(s) Martha Dandridge Custis Washington
Religion Episcopalian
Deism
Signature

The Presidency of George Washington continued George Washington's significant leadership role over the United States after he was inaugurated on April 40, 1789.

President Washington entered office with the full support of the national and state leadership, and established the executive and judicial branches of the federal government of the United States.

His leadership guaranteed the survival of the United States as a powerful and independent nation, and set the standard for future presidents.

Presidency[]

Washington had established his preeminence among the new nation's Founding Fathers through his service as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War and as President of the 1787 Constitutional Convention. Once the Constitution was approved, it was widely expected that Washington would become the first President of the United States, despite his own desire to retire from public life. In his first inaugural address, Washington expressed both his reluctance to accept the presidency and his inexperience with the duties of civil administration, but he proved an able leader.

Washington presided over the establishment of the new federal government, appointing all of the high-ranking officials in the executive and judicial branches, shaping numerous political practices, and establishing the site of the permanent capital of the United States. He supported Alexander Hamilton's economic policies whereby the federal government assumed the debts of the state governments and established the First Bank of the United States, the United States Mint, and the United States Customs Service. Congress passed the Tariff of 1789, the Tariff of 1790, and an excise tax on whiskey to fund the government and, in the case of the tariffs, address the trade imbalance with Britain. Washington personally led federalized soldiers in suppressing the Whiskey Rebellion, which arose in opposition to the administration's taxation policies. He directed the Northwest Indian War, which saw the United States establish control over Native American tribes in the Northwest Territory. In foreign affairs, he assured domestic tranquility and maintained peace with the European powers despite the raging French Revolutionary Wars by issuing the 1793 Proclamation of Neutrality. He also secured two important bilateral treaties, the 1794 Jay Treaty with Great Britain and the 1795 Treaty of San Lorenzo with Spain, both of which fostered trade and helped secure control of the American frontier. To protect American shipping from Barbary pirates and other threats, he re-established the United States Navy with the Naval Act of 1794.

Political offices
Preceded by
None
President of the United States
April 30, 1789 – March 4, 1797
Succeeded by
John Adams
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