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John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson shown on a D.C. restaurant in Olympus Has Fallen.

Under the United States Constitution, the President of the United States is the head of state and head of government of the United States. As chief of the executive branch and head of the federal government as a whole, the presidency is the highest political office in the United States by influence and recognition. The President is also the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces.

The President is indirectly elected to a four-year term by an Electoral College (or by the House of Representatives should the Electoral College fail to award an absolute majority of votes to any person). Since the ratification of the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1951, no person may be elected President more than twice, and no one who has served more than two years of a term to which someone else was elected may be elected more than once. Upon the death, resignation, or removal from office of an incumbent President, the Vice President assumes the office. The President must be at least 35 years of age and a "natural born" citizen of the United States.

Abe Lincoln portrait seen in the Lincoln Bedroom during the terrorist takeover.

This list includes only those persons who were sworn into office as president following the ratification of the United States Constitution, which took effect on March 4, 1789. For American leaders before this ratification, see President of the Continental Congress. The list does not include any Acting Presidents under the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

Presidents[]

      Unaffiliated (2)           Federalist (1)           Democratic-Republican (4)           Democratic (15)           Whig (4)           Republican (19)           National Union (2)
Presidency President Prior office Party Term Vice President
1 April 30, 1789

March 4, 1797
George Washington (4).jpg George Washington
1732–1799
(Lived: 67 years)
Commander-in-Chief
of the
Continental Army

(1775–1783)
  Unaffiliated (1788–89)
1
(1789)
John Adams
(1792)
2
(1793)
3 March 4, 1801

March 4, 1809
Thomas Jefferson.jpg Thomas Jefferson
1743–1826
(Lived: 83 years)
2nd
Vice President of the United States
Democratic-
Republican
(1800)
4
(1801)
Aaron Burr
March 4, 1801March 4, 1805
(1804)
5
(1805)
George Clinton
March 4, 1805March 4, 1809
16 March 4, 1861

April 15, 1865
(Died in office)
Abraham Lincoln (3).jpg Abraham Lincoln
1809–1865
(Lived: 56 years)
U.S. Representative for Illinois' 7th District
(1847–1849)
Republican
(National Union)
(1860)
19
(1861)
Hannibal Hamlin
March 4, 1861March 4, 1865
(1864)
20
(1865)
(1865)
Andrew Johnson
March 4April 15, 1865
(Succeeded to presidency)
17 April 15, 1865

March 4, 1869
Andrew Johnson.jpg Andrew Johnson
1808–1875
(Lived: 66 years)
16th
Vice President of the United States
National Union
April 15, 1865c. 1868
Office vacant
Democratic
c. 1868March 4, 1869
32 March 4, 1933

April 12, 1945
(Died in office)
Franklin D. Roosevelt.jpg Franklin D. Roosevelt
1882–1945
(Lived: 63 years)
44th
Governor of New York

(1929–1932)
Democratic (1932)
37
(1933)
John N. Garner
March 4, 1933January 20, 1941
(1936)
38
(1937)
(1940)
39
(1941)
Henry A. Wallace
January 20, 1941January 20, 1945
(1944)
40
(1945)
(1945)
Harry S. Truman
January 20April 12, 1945
(Succeeded to presidency)
33 April 12, 1945

January 20, 1953
Harry S. Truman.jpg Harry S. Truman
1884–1972
(Lived: 88 years)
34th
Vice President of the United States
Democratic Office vacant
April 12, 1945January 20, 1949
(1948)
41
(1949)
Alben W. Barkley
January 20, 1949January 20, 1953
34
January 20, 1953

January 20, 1961
Dwight D. Eisenhower.jpg Dwight D. Eisenhower
1890–1969
(Lived: 78 years)
Supreme Allied Commander Europe
(1949–1952)
(No prior elected office)
Republican (1952)
42
(1953)
Richard Nixon
(1956)
43
(1957)
35 January 20, 1961

November 22, 1963
(Died in office)
John F. Kennedy.jpg John F. Kennedy
1917–1963
(Lived: 46 years)
U.S. Senator from Massachusetts
(1953–1960)
Democratic (1960)
44
(1961)
(1963)
Lyndon B. Johnson
(Succeeded to presidency)
36 November 22, 1963

January 20, 1969
Lyndon B. Johnson.jpg Lyndon B. Johnson
1908–1973
(Lived: 64 years)
37th
Vice President of the United States
Democratic Office vacant
November 22, 1963January 20, 1965
(1964)
45
(1965)
Hubert Humphrey
January 20, 1965January 20, 1969
37 January 20, 1969

August 9, 1974
(Resigned from office)
Richard Nixon.jpg Richard Nixon
1913–1994
(Lived: 81 years)
36th
Vice President of the United States

(1953–1961)
Republican (1968)
46
(1969)
Spiro Agnew
January 20, 1969October 10, 1973
(Resigned from office)
(1972)
47
(1973)
(1974)
Office vacant
October 10December 6, 1973
Gerald Ford
December 6, 1973August 9, 1974
(Succeeded to presidency)
38 August 9, 1974

January 20, 1977
Gerald Ford.jpg Gerald Ford
1913–2006
(Lived: 93 years)
40th
Vice President of the United States
Republican Office vacant
August 9December 19, 1974
Nelson Rockefeller
December 19, 1974January 20, 1977
39 January 20, 1977

January 20, 1981
Jimmy Carter.jpg Jimmy Carter
Born 1924
(97 years old)
76th
Governor of Georgia

(1971–1975)
Democratic (1976)
48
(1977)
Walter Mondale
40 January 20, 1981

January 20, 1989
Ronald Reagan.jpg Ronald Reagan
1911–2004
(Lived: 93 years)
33rd
Governor of California

(1967–1975)
Republican (1980)
49
(1981)
George H. W. Bush
(1984)
50
(1985)
41 January 20, 1989

January 20, 1993
George H. W. Bush.jpg George H. W. Bush
1924–2018
(Lived: 94 years)
43rd
Vice President of the United States
Republican (1988)
51
(1989)
Dan Quayle
42 January 20, 1993

January 20, 2001
Bill Clinton (2).jpg Bill Clinton
Born 1946
(75 years old)
40th & 42nd
Governor of Arkansas

(1979–1981 & 1983–1992)
Democratic (1992)
52
(1993)
Al Gore
(1996)
53
(1997)
43 January 20, 2001

January 20, 2009
George W. Bush.jpg George W. Bush
Born 1946
(75 years old)
46th
Governor of Texas

(1995–2000)
Republican (2000)
54
(2001)
Dick Cheney
(2004)
55
(2005)
44 January 20, 2009

January 20, 2010?
President Barack Obama, 2009 portrait crop.jpg Barack Obama
Born 1961
(60 years old)
U.S. Senator from Illinois
(2005–2008)
Democratic (2008)
56
(2009)
Joe Biden
45
January 20, 2010?

-

January 20, 2018

Benjamin Asher 2.jpg Benjamin Asher
Born 1967
(54 years old)
Charlie Rodriguez
Allan Trumbull
46
January 20, 2018

-
Incumbent

Allan Trumbull.jpg Allan Trumbull
Born 1938
(83 years old)
Martin Kirby

Living Former Presidents[]

As of October 2021, there are five living former presidents:

President Term of office Date of birth
Jimmy Carter 1977 – 1981 (1924-10-01) October 1, 1924 (age 97)
Bill Clinton 1993 – 2001 (1946-08-19) August 19, 1946 (age 75)
George W. Bush 2001 – 2009 (1946-07-06) July 6, 1946 (age 75)
Barack Obama 2009 - 2010? (1961-08-04) August 4, 1961 (age 60)
Benjamin Asher 2010 - 2018 (1967-04-15) April 15, 1967 (age 54)
  • In real life, President Obama served two terms in office from 2009 to 2017.
  • The most recent death of a former president was that of George H. W. Bush (1989 – 1993) on November 30, 2018, aged 94.
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